Scoliosis

Dr. Khuloud Ibrahim Alblooshi

  • Sunday 28, July 2019 09:34 AM
  • Scoliosis
Scoliosis is medical condition in which a person has an abnormal lateral curvature of the spine (sideways curve). The curve is usually "S" or "C" shaped over three dimensions.
Scoliosis typically occurs in children and adolescents most often during the growth spurt just before puberty, however, adults also can have scoliosis.

Causes:
In the majority of the cases, the cause of scoliosis is unknown, but there are several conditions and factors which may lead to it, such as:

• Birth defects affecting the development of the bones of the spine
• Genetic factors
• Neuromuscular conditions, such as cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy
• Injuries or infections of the spine
• scoliosis secondary to another condition (paralysis, trauma, spinal surgery)

Symptoms:
Signs and symptoms of scoliosis may include:

• Uneven shoulders with one shoulder blade appear more prominent than the other
• Uneven waist
• Uneven hip as one hip appears higher than the other
• Pain in the back, shoulders, neck and buttock
• Heart and lung problems in severe cases

Diagnosis:
Diagnosis of scoliosis initially is based on detailed medical history with physical and neurological examination, in addition to that, X-ray can confirm the diagnosis and show the severity of the spinal curvature, otherwise if the doctor suspects an underlying condition like a tumor, he may recommend doing additional tests like MRI or CT to confirm the diagnosis.

Treatment:

Management of scoliosis is individualized according to etiology, severity of symptoms, and quality of life.

Most children with scoliosis have mild curves and probably won't need treatment, however they may need regular checkups as they grow, to see if there have been changes in the curvature of the spine.

Treatment of scoliosis is made on an individual basis according to severity, there are many options of treatment including Observation, bracing, physiotherapy and Surgery.